Some additional savings - These will act as a buffer if interest rates rise and your repayments increase.Alternatively choose a loan that allows extra repayments so you can build a buffer early on
Work out what you can afford
Be realistic. You may need to consider a smaller property, an older property, or a property in a differnt area, just to get you started in the property market. Use the mortgage calculator to work out how much you can afford to borrow.
Here is an example of what your calculations might look like once you work out the amount you can afford to borrow:
Amount you can afford to borrow + deposit saved - fees & charges* = Amount you can spend on a property
To work out how much you need for a deposit, your calculation might look like this:
Amount you need to buy the property + fees & charges* - amount you can afford to borrow = Deposit you need to save
Check out property prices
The property market is always changing. To get an idea of property prices in the area you want to buy:
- Have a look at online real estate websites
- Go to auctions
- Read the property section in your local newspaper
Check your loan to value ratio
When thinking about how much to save, check your loan to value ratio (LVR). This is calculated by dividing the amount of your home loan by the purchase price (or appraised value) of the property.
Lenders use your LVR to gauge how risky it would be to give you a loan.
In general, the higher your LVR, the higher the risk the lender will not be repaid if you default on the loan and they have to sell the property. Having a high LVR may also affect your ability to refinance your loan later on, and you may have to pay mortgage insurance again if the LVR on the new loan is high.
Usually lender's mortgage insurance (LMI) is payable if your LVR is above 80%. This is a one-off insurance premium to protect the lender should you default on your home loan.
Case study: Jade works out her loan to value ratio
Jade wanted to buy a one-bedroom apartment. She estimated this would cost $350,000 in her preferred area. After doing a budget, she calculated she could afford to take out a $300,000 mortgage, so would need to save a deposit of $50,000 plus purchase costs.
She checked her loan to value ratio:
$300,000 loan ÷ $350,000 property value = 86% LVR
With an LVR above 80%, Jade realised that she would be charged LMI by her lender, so added this into the estimated costs she needs to save for.
Ways to build your home deposit faster
Develop a plan to help you save towards your deposit. Use the TrackMyGOALS app to see how long it will take you to save your deposit and how much you need to regularly put aside.
Cut back on the extras
The easiest way to see where you can cut back is by doing a budget. Write down your essential costs, such as rent, bills and food, and subtract this amount from your income. What is left over is what you could potentially save for your deposit.
Not sure where all your money goes? Try using the TrackMySPEND app for a month to see where you spend your cash.
Give yourself some leeway - if your budget is too tight, it is harder to reach your target. So don't cut out all your fun expenses. A good idea is to set smaller savings goals along the way and reward yourself when you achieve them.
Read more on buying a home.
Case study: Penny saves her deposit
Penny set herself the goal of buying her apartment in 4 years time. She looked at her budget and identified several ways to save for her deposit. She opened a high-interest online savings account and arranged for part of her salary to go into it each fortnight. She also reduced her expenses by cancelling her gym membership, cutting back her mobile phone bill and limiting herself to one dinner out a month.
After 4 months she had saved $4,000 so she rewarded herself with a dinner at her favourite restaurant. In 1 year she saved almost $13,000 and after 4 years she had over $56,000 for her deposit.
Moving into the family home
While it may not seem that appealing, many young people choose to move back into the family home while they are saving for their first house. Rent is likely to be one of your biggest expenses, so if you can cut this right down, you could increase your savings very quickly.
Get a high interest savings account
Once you know how much you can save, make your money work for you. If you leave it in your everyday transaction account, you might be tempted to use the cash. You will also earn less interest than you would by transferring your savings to a high-interest savings account.
Investing your savings
Have you thought about investing your savings in shares or a managed fund? This is a good idea only if you plan to buy your home in a few years time because these investments are suited to long term goals. For more information see investing.
Buying a home is a big step and it's easy to be daunted by the large sums of money involved. With careful budgeting, saving money towards your own home is made much easier.